APPLICATIONS OF NON-THERMAL ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE PLASMA IN PREVENTION AND REGENERATION OF ORAL DISEASES
Soo-Hyuk Uhm, Jae-Sung Kwon, Eun-Jung Lee, Jung-Hwan Lee, Kwang-Mahn Kim, Kyoung-Nam Kim Department and Research Institute of Dental Biomaterials and Bioengineering, Yonsei University College of Dentistry Seoul, South Korea
Eun-Jung Lee, Kyoung-Nam Kim
BK21 PLUS Project, Yonsei University College of Dentistry Seoul, South Korea
Eun Ha Choi
Plasma Bioscience Research Center, Kwangwoon University Seoul, South Korea
Since the introduction of non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasmas in the field of the dentistry, numerous applications have been investigated. Especially with its advantages over existing vacuum plasma in terms of portability, low cost, and non-thermal damage, it can be directly applied in the oral cavity, giving number of potentials for dental application.
The first possible application of non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma in field of dentistry is in relation to dental caries and periodontal diseases. Teeth and alveolar bones are one of the strongest bony structures in our body, but it cannot be regenerated when they are damaged by causes such as dental caries or periodontal disease. Hence many studies to prevent such diseases have been carried out though no perfect solution has been hound yet. With recent studies of modifying surfaces through non-thermal atmospheric pressure application that can prevent attachment of bacteria, or studies on bactericidal effects of non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma can be applied here to prevent oral pathogen and ‘biofilm’ attachment to the surface of teeth or directly eliminate the dental caries/periodontal disease causing germs. Secondly, non-thermal atmospheric pressure application will be useful on the surface of dental implant. It is well known that the success of dental implant surgery depends on the process known as ‘osseointegration’ that result from osteoblast attachment, proliferation and differentiation. As the application of non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma on the surface of dental implant just before its introduction by the chair-side of dental surgery.
Despite its long history, the generation of non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma has been greatly increased with its application in dentistry. It will be wonderful to see their role in providing better dental care to patients in future.